2008 Quail & Pheasant Forecast

2008 Quail & Pheasant Forecast

A state-by-state look at what to expect.

South Dakota | North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming


IT'S A CLASSIC case of which came first--the chicken or the egg (or, actually, the quail or the egg). One biologist surveyed says quail hunting is poor because there aren't many hunters and if there were more there'd be more quail. Another says quail hunting is poor because there aren't many birds and because of that hunters are leaving the field.

Regardless, quail hunting is poor, generally speaking. Pheasants, on the other hand, are doing about as well as they ever have'¦but the craze for ethanol and expiration of CRP contracts have led to plowing of thousands of acres for row crops. Generally that in turn leads to a loss of nesting and winter cover which in turn leads to a diminished pheasant population.


Get 'em while you can.


Nationally both Quail Forever and Quail Unlimited have manpower and dollars dedicated to local habitat improvement projects. A quick visit to their websites (quail-forever.org/page/1/FAQs.jsp ; and qu.org/content/habitat/habitatinformation.cfm ) will give you both information and, one hopes, inspiration to join and get involved.

Quail Forever's parent organization, Pheasants Forever, is the strongest upland bird voice yet and runs like a well-oiled machine. We should all be cogs.

Many states have youth hunting seasons earlier than the regular season and have exemptions from permit fees (or reduced fees) for youngsters, veterans and others. Check regulations. Many if not all also require HIP registration and almost all require young hunters to be hunter safety certified. Most have programs to buy permits over the internet or by phone or FAX. Check the websites listed for each state or click on the state of interest on the ACI home page under "directory".

Here's how quail and pheasant prospects shaped up in late spring:

SOUTH DAKOTA:
Pheasant and quail seasons Oct. 18--Jan. 4, 2009. Quail limit five daily, 15 possession, pheasant three roosters daily, 15 possession.

Last year about 78,000 residents and 103,000 nonresidents chased ringnecks in South Dakota and took just over 2.1 million pheasants with an average of 11.7 birds per hunter. With the largest pre-season hunting population since 1945 of 11.9 million birds, this was the highest harvest seen in South Dakota since 1963.

Biologist Chad Switzer of Game, Fish and Parks says, "Based upon our winter sex ratio surveys, there will be approximately one cock for every two hens going into this breeding season. It's no secret that the eastern half of SD is our prime pheasant range, with the James River Lowlands and south-central SD producing some or our highest pheasant densities.

Don't rule out certain counties in the northeast portion of the state, where much of our public land is located. SD lost approximately 300,000 acres of CRP in the fall of 2007. However, with a current CRP base of 1.3 million acres and another mild winter experienced in 2007-2008, we are looking at a very strong breeding population going into 2008." Nonresident Small Game License (valid for two five day periods) $110. Last year 1,130 landowners enrolled 1,152,100 acres in the Walk-In program.

The Hunting Atlas is at almost any convenience store, license agent or found online at sdgfp.info/Pub-lications/Atlas/Index.htm . Also see sdgfp.info/Wildlife/hunting/Pheasant/Index.htm . Hunters may contact SD GFP to have an information packet mailed to them at sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Re-quests.htm .

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

NORTH DAKOTA:
Pheasant opening Oct. 11 (check gf.nd.gov/info/season-dates.html for regulations). No change in cost of licenses from 2007. If there are no legislative changes, non-resident permits are $100 annual, plus $13 habitat stamp.

Game and Fish Areas (P.L.O.T.S lands) have special regs. Game and Fish Biologist Stan Kohn doesn't see any significant mortality from the winter, but the spr

ing was nasty, with snow and cold, which could inhibit nesting. "Carryover looks pretty good though, but we'll know more after crowing counts in June," Kohn says.

Traditionally south of I-94, the northwest corner of the state, and the area around Lake Sakakawea produce best. There is an atlas of walk-in hunting available at any sporting goods store after Sept. 1.

Also check ( gf.nd.gov/info/plots.html ) or write Game and Fish Dept., 100 No. Bismarck Expressway, Bismarck 58501-5095 (Tel. 701-328-6300). North Dakota traditionally is in the top five pheasant hunt states with more than half a million roosters bagged.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

NEBRASKA:
Pheasant and quail opening dates will be set mid-summer, but probably will be Oct. 25. Latest bag (2005-6) was 386,000 roosters and 135,000 bobwhite quail. Jeff Lusk, upland game program manager for Nebraska Game and Parks, says, "The April rural mail carrier survey indicated that, given the late spring and the snow-storms which occurred during the survey period, spring numbers are down somewhat from last year."

Southwest and Northeast are the best spots for pheasants, and the southeast is the best spot for quail. Private land hunting is available through the CRP-Management Access Program. Maps of the areas are on outdoornebraska.org. There is an online search guide for the walk-in and Game and Parks hunting areas.

An annual small game permit ($81) and a habitat stamp ($16) are needed for small game. There is a two-day permit valid between Nov. 22 and Dec. 31 for $36. Limits usually three roosters, 12 possession; six bobwhites, 24 possession.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

IOWA:
Pheasant: Oct. 25-Jan. 10, three roosters daily, 12 possession. Quail Oct. 25-Jan. 31, eight daily 16 possession. Shooting hours for both are 8 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. DNR biologist Todd Bogenschutz says, "We don't have harvest results from last season yet, but I expect they'll be 700,000 and 70,000 pheasant and quail respectively.

We had a very hard winter — 14th snowiest in state history — and we're looking for poor populations in eastern third of Iowa, hopefully near normal in western half of state. Spring so far has been wet and cool — less than ideal for nesting." Check iowadnr..com/wild-life/app/roadside/ for roadside counts. Bogenschutz adds, "Iowa has very good public lands in northern half of the state for pheasants, but hunters planning to hunt private CRP should contact landowners to ensure the CRP was not plowed up for ethanol."

Non-resident hunters need a hunting license ($80.50) and habitat stamp ($11.50). Licenses available online www4.wildlifelicense.com/ia/start.php . Maps are available at .iowadnr.com/wild-life/wmamaps/pubhunt.html and programs.iowadnr.com/ims/website/recreation/viewer.htm and the Iowa Sportsman's Atlas is $21.95 at sportsmanatlas.com .

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

KANSAS:
Pheasant season will likely start on the 1st Saturday in November and quail season with start on the 2nd Saturday in November.

Pheasant season is likely to close on January 31 and Parks and Wildlife small game coordinator Jim Pitman says, "Last year the quail season closed on the third Sunday in January but I am recommen

ding that be changed to January 31 to coincide with the pheasant closing date."

He estimated the pheasant harvest somewhat higher than the most recent five-year average of 675,000. The five-year average quail harvest is 630,000. Pitman expects a good carryover pheasant population because of a relatively mild winter, although ice in the central and eastern parts of the state probably affected quail carryover. "Our quail population was already at record low numbers heading into last fall and those ice storms sure didn't help matters," Pitman says.

The northcentral and northwestern part of the state generally offers the best prospects for pheasants. Best quail hunting is the Red Hills region of southcentral Kansas.

Walk-in-hunting acreage tops one million acres across the state; printed copies of these areas are at most license vendors, KDWP regional offices or by calling the KDWP operations headquarters (620-672-5911) or can be downloaded from ( kdwp.state.ks.us ). Non-resident annual small game license $72.15 (under 16 $37.15).

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

OKLAHOMA:
Pheasant season Dec. 1-Jan 31st, Quail season Nov. 8-Feb 15. Bag limit 10 per day 20 possession. Sooner hunters took an estimated 380,847 birds in 2007, around 2.63 birds per hunter per day.

"In 2007 we had one of the wettest years ever but nesting birds were in short supply, so quail season was better than the year before but not great," says upland game biologist Doug Schoeling. "This year with favorable weather the numbers should go up again but it will take a few years of favorable weather to get the numbers back to average."

The most productive areas include, in western Oklahoma (which has the best numbers of quail), Black Kettle National, Packsaddle and Cooper WMAs. Oklahoma doesn't have walk in hunting (all areas are WMAs). Schoeling says, "The WMAs might have had prescribed burns completed and if they did there could be some good areas to hunt. With all the rain last year there was a lot of vegetation and that should help in the nesting season by providing more cover."

Maps of the WMAs are on the web site wildlifedepartment.com or write Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, 1801 North Lincoln, Oklahoma City, OK 73105 or call (405) 521-6450 or (405) 521-2730. A nonresident hunting license is $137 plus a $5 legacy permit. A five- day license is $42.50 plus the $5 legacy permit.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

TEXAS:
Seasons: Pheasant: First Saturday in December for 30 consecutive days, three roosters daily, six possession. Quail: Saturday closest to October 28th through the last Sunday in February, 15 daily, 45 possession.

Texas Parks and Wildlife upland biologist Robert Perez says, "Last season started pretty strong, especially in south Texas. As the season progressed numbers dramatically dropped over much of the better quail range in the state. Presumably, the lack of any significant winter rainfall inhibited the growth of winter greens needed in the quail's diet during late winter.

Quail will respond to spring rains as always but available brood stock may not be enough to produce enough offspring for a higher than average quail season." The most productive regions are the Rolling Plains and South Texas for Bobwhite and the Trans-Pecos for Scaled Quail. Look for sites that have been recently manipulated (burned, disked, roller-chopped, etc.).

Public areas for bobwhite include Chaparral and Daughtrey WMAs in south Texas, Gene Howe and Matador WMAs in the Rolling Plains. Public areas for scaled quail: Elephant Mt. and Black Gap WMAs in the Trans-Pecos.

See website ( tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/hunt/public ).

Non-resident season permit $125, five-day $45, plus $7 upland bird stamp. Public hunting areas require a $48 permit.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

FLORIDA:
Quail Season Nov. 8 — March 1. Bag 12 daily, 24 possession. Non-resident permit $46.50 for a 10-day license. To hunt on wildlife management area, must also have $26 management area permit. Check the web site ( myfwc.com/hunting ) for latest information.

Best quail hunting is where there is frequent prescribed burning, roller chopping and thinning timber stands, plantation style. There is considerable emphasis on quail restoration in Florida and the population should be increasing in coming seasons.

North Florida plantations offer the best hunting, but are not open to the public. For information on individual areas, check myfwc.com/hunting/small_game/default.htm . The page also lists regional phone numbers where you might find a quail hunter with hot tips not on the web site.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

MISSOURI:
Pheasant bag in 2006 was nearly 31,000, down from the 1997-2006 average of nearly 40,000. Quail similarly declined. The 2002-2006 bag averaged 373,000, a substantial decline from the 1997-2006 average of 451,000--and Missouri hunters once killed well over a million quail a year.

Department of Conservation biologist Tom Dailey says, "Prospects for 2008-09 season are a wild guess with production being so important. Some quail were lost this winter in the northwest to cold/snow, but ice was less of an issue this year in the northeast and other parts of the state.

Excellent hunting reports last year from north central Missouri. They escaped the ice of January 2007. Current flooding could be a problem in some areas if things don't dry up. Severe weather from Dec '06 to June '07 occurred in many parts of the state leading to fewer birds, but average weather this summer should lead to more birds this fall. Season both species Nov. 1-Jan. 15.

Quail eight daily, 16 possession; pheasants two roosters daily, four possession except Bootheel season Dec.1-12, one daily and in possession. There are many public upland wildlife areas; see the Missouri Conservation Atlas ( conservation.state.mo.us/atlas ). Non-resident small game season $75; one day $11.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

ILLINOIS:
Both pheasant and quail seasons Nov.1-Jan. 8 in the north zone; Nov.1- Jan. 15 south zone. Two roosters/day, six in possession after third day, eight quail/day, 20 possession after third day. Illinois hunters take about 119,000 pheasants and nearly 200,000 quail. John Cole, upland wildlife manager for the DNR says, "Carryover should be average except for northern Illinois which had several weeks of continuous deep snow cover." The most productive areas include north-central Illinois and east-central Illinois for pheasants and for quail south-central.

State Pheasant Habitat Areas require a free permit for a one-day hunt. Hunters can apply for permit drawing online at DNR website ( dnr.state.il.us ). Some good public quail areas include: Pyramid State Park (Perry County), Jim Edgar State Fish and Wildlife Area (Cass County), 10 mile Creek State Fish and Wildlife Area (Jefferson, Hamilton Counties).

Non-resident full season license is $50.75 and a $5.50 Habitat Stamp is also required. A 5-day nonresident license is also available for $28.75 and a $5.50 habitat stamp is also required. Illinois doesn't have a walk-in hunting program.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

TENNESSEE:
Roger Applegate, small game coordinator for the Wildlife Resources Agency, sums it all up thusly: Our quail situation is bad and getting worse by the year.

The dates, unless changed by the Commission will be Nov. 8-Feb 28. Daily limit is 6, possession 12. The general prospects are poor except in localized areas where the birds are holding on by their toenails.

Best region of the state would be the counties west of the Tennessee river where there is some cropping and the lion's share of our CRP; especially areas where CP33 was implemented. Nonresidents must have either an Annual Small Game hunting license at $175.50 or a 7-day small game hunting license $50.50. There is also a Junior Nonresident Hunt for ages 13-15 for $9.

In addition, most Wildlife Management Areas require a WMA Small Game license for $17 or a 1-day WMA Small Game license for $10.50." Web site tnwildlife.org ).

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee |Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

KENTUCKY:
Proposed quail season: Nov. 10 - Feb. 10, 2009 (western zone), Nov. 1-7 and Nov. 10 - Jan. 31, 2009 (eastern zone). Pending warm weather, heavy spring rains should provide excellent growth of herbaceous plants and an abundance of insects; both ideal conditions for chicks.

Western part of state will be the most productive. Peabody Wildlife Management Area in Ohio and Muhlenberg counties should prove to be the best option for public land hunters. Eastern Kentucky reclaimed strip mine properties also produce good numbers of birds.

Nonresident Hunting License: $130, 5-Day $40, Peabody WMA user permit: $15 (Quail and rabbit quota hunts on this 3,000 acre tract. Instructions on how to apply in the 2008-09 KY Hunting and Trapping Guide available in early July or by visiting fw.ky.gov .

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

ARIZONA:
The season for Gambel's and scaled quail opens Oct. 3 and Mearn's Nov.28. All end Feb 8, 2009. Bag is 15 daily with no more than eight Mearn's, possession after opening day is 30.

Ron Day, small game biologist for the Game and Fish Department, says, "Last year was a very good year for Mearn's quail but below average for Gambel's and scaled quail. Arizona had a wet winter which means Gambel's. Scaled quail should have a successful nesting season with above average clutch size. Mearn's quail reproduction is tied to summer rains and still too far out to predict. Overall, all Gambel's and scaled quail areas of the state should be markedly better than last year."

Annual non-resident $ 151.25, three-day hunting license cost $ 61.25. Web site: azgfd.gov . There probably will be an up-to-date summary of quail prospects on the web site in October.

In the past Gambel's has been best between Phoenix and Kingman. Scaled quail habitat is east of Flagstaff to the New Mexico border and in the southeast quarter of the state. Mearn's overlaps scaled quail range in the southeast.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona |California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

CALIFORNIA:
Pheasant - Nov. 8 - Dec. 28, daily Bag Limit - 2 males per day for first 2 days of the season; 3 males per day after first 2 days of the season, possession double daily bag. Quail — Zone Q1 (Mountain quail only) Early Mountain quail - Sept. 13 — Oct. 17; Zon

e Q1 (All quail) General quail Oct. 18 — Jan. 25; Zone Q2 Early Coastal Sept. 27- Jan. 25; Zone Q3 Oct. 18 — Jan. 25. Last bag report (2006-7 pheasant 98,020 122,420; California quail 560,280; mountain quail 126,230, Gambel's quail 79,560.

Jesse Garcia of the Department of Fish and Game, says, "General prospects are average reproduction at best as most hydrologic regions throughout the state are reporting this year's precipitation moderately lower than annual average totals."

The best hunting for pheasants is in the Sacramento Valley, Upper San Joaquin Valley, Sacramento and San Joaquin river delta, and Imperial Valley; California quail southern coast ranges and Sierra Nevada, and western Mojave Desert on Forest Service and BLM land; mountain quail high elevations of coast ranges, Sierra Nevada, and transverse ranges on Forest Service Land; Gambel's quail. upland and riparian habitats of the Colorado River, Imperial and Coachella valleys, and desert mountains in eastern Imperial County. About 2,000 acres of private farmland in the Imperial Valley is open to hunting.

Check .dfg.ca.gov/wildlife/hunting/uplandgame/gamebird/docs/Food_Plots_Map-2007_jpg.pdf .

Nonresident Hunting License - $134.95. Upland Game Bird Stamp - $7.90.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California |North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

NORTH CAROLINA:
Quail: Nov. 22 — Feb. 28. Daily limit six; Possession 12; Season, no limit. Pheasant: Nov. 22 — Feb. 1 (male pheasant only). Daily limit 3, possession 6; Season 30.

North Carolina's only wild pheasants are on the Outer Banks and populations are dwindling. David Sawyer with the Wildlife Resources Commission, says, "We don't have annual harvest numbers but our most recent survey Coastal plain contain the largest numbers of quail.

See website ( ncwildlife.org ) for availability of public hunting on public Game Lands. Game lands map books can be downloaded or purchased from the website. Six day permit $40 (South Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee residents pay more), $15 additional to hunt game lands.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina |South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

SOUTH CAROLINA:
Monday before Thanksgiving (Nov. 24 to March 1 — statewide). Daily bag limit is 12. Hunting on some Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) is limited to certain days and some have more restrictive bag limits.

Billy Dukes, small game coordinator for the DNR says, "Our latest information is from the 2004-05 season and indicates that we have about 6,500 wild quail hunters who harvested about 60,000 wild quail." He says reports from 2007-08 were poor, mostly because of drought. "With a good nesting season (adequate rainfall, no extended heat waves), populations should rebound and be improved over last year's disappointing season."

Some of the best-managed public areas for quail include the Draper WMA in York County, Crackerneck WMA in Aiken County, Canal WMA in Berkeley County, Manchester State Forest in Sumter and Clarendon counties, Long Creek WMA in Oconee County; Webb, Palachucola, and Hamilton Ridge WMAs in Hampton County. There's also "lottery style" drawing hunts on McBee WMA in Chesterfield County. A Wildlife Management Area permit is required for hunting all public lands in South Carolina.

Non-resident three day permit $40 and $75 for 10 days. WMA permit $76. Dukes says, "We have a WMA program similar to walk-in programs in other states with about one million acres." Maps available at dnr.sc.gov/wma/index.html

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

OREGON:
Seasons will be finalized on August 8, 2008, but following is what is anticipated. Pheasant: Oct 18 — Dec. 14. California quail: Western Oregon Sept.1 — Jan 31 (eastern Oregon, Oct. 11 — Jan 31 except for Umatilla and Morrow counties). Mountain Quail: western Oregon Sep 1 — Jan 31, eastern. Oregon (check regulations). Pheasant: two Roosters, possession eight last year. Statewide Harvest 25,000. California quail: 10 (single or in aggregate with mountain quail in western Oregon), possession 20.

Estimated harvest was 27,000 in 2007. Mountain Quail: western. Oregon 10 in aggregate with California quail, eastern Oregon Check regulations. Estimated 2007 harvest 20,000 Dave Budeau, upland game bird coordinator for the Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, says, "2007 saw poor production for pheasants and California quail over much of the eastern part of the state where most of the harvest occurs. Drought conditions during spring 2007 like contributed to the poor production. The fall 2008 harvest will likely be below average. Pheasants can be found statewide near agricultural operations.

California quail are found statewide and often hunted incidental to chukars or pheasants. Most mountain quail harvest occurs in southwest Oregon (Umpqua National Forest and BLM lands). Non-resident $76.50 and a non-resident game bird validation $31.50. Three-day non-resident game bird license for $21.50, plus game bird validation.

Oregon is approximately 57 percent public land with many public hunting opportunities for game birds. Check out the Access and Habitat program ( dfw.-state.or.us/ah ) and the Upland Cooperative Access Program ( dfw.state.or.us/resources/hunting/upland_bird/access/UCAP_brochure.pdf ).

Hunters average about 50,000 pheasants, 92,000 California quail and 36,000 mountain quail a year.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon |Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

IDAHO:
Youth only pheasant season: October 4-October 10th. General season: October 11-December 31 in north Idaho, October 18-November 30 in eastern Idaho, October 18-December 31 in southcentral and southwest Idaho. Quail season: September 20, 2008 through January 31, 2009.

Harvest data will be on the Idaho Fish and Game website at fishandgame.idaho.gov/cms/hunt/misc/species.cfm#upland . Don Kemner, Private Lands Coordinator for Fish and Game, says, "Drought conditions in 2007 reduced bird populations and production. The 2007-2008 winter included difficult conditions for upland game birds. So 2008 upland game bird hunting may be challenging compared to good years like 2005 and 2006." CRP in southeast Idaho and north-central Idaho are good.

Find walk-in areas on the web site under "Access Yes!".( fishandgame.idaho.gov/ifwis/huntplanner/accessyesguide.aspx )

Non-resident small game $81.75 and not valid for the first five days of pheasant season. Shooting preserve permit $12.75. Nine wildlife management areas require a $23.75 permit for 17 and older and allow up to six pheasants (you can buy extra permits).

Quite a few areas are closed to game bird hunting, so check regulations carefully. Idaho stocks roosters on wildlife management areas and the overall pheasant bag runs about 100,000. Idaho has a goal of a million acres enrolled in AccessYes!.

Kemner says the best spots are, "For pheasants, quail and grey partridge: Southwest Idaho between Weiser and Boise. North central Idaho between Lewiston and Moscow. For chukars: Owyhee canyonlands in Southwest Idaho, Snake River canyon along Idaho/Oregon border, Salmon River canyon."

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho |Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

WASHINGTON:
Has early seasons for youth and 65 and older for pheasants in September.

Check web site at wdfw.wa.gov/huntcorn.htm and click on the summary of hunting seasons. Clicking on GoHunt! will take you to maps and other information about public hunting. Hunters take 100,000 plus roosters, some of which are stocked.

Western Washington pheasants Sept. 29-Nov. 30, two either sex daily (with area exceptions); Oct. 20-Jan. 21 Eastern Washington; 3 roosters only daily. California and bobwhite quail Western Washington Oct. 6-Nov. 30, 10 daily, 30 possession; Oct. 6-Jan. 21 Eastern Washington, 10 daily, 30 possession (very limited mountain quail Western Washington). Permit three-day small game $54.75; western Washington three-day pheasant permit $21.90.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

INDIANA:
Hunters take about 10,000 pheasants, 30,000 quail annually. Low numbers weren't helped by drought last year, followed by a snowy winter and heavy spring rains. Despite this, Budd Veverka, farmland game biologist for the Indiana Division of Fish and Wildlife, says the average hunter bag per day has steadily increased over the past 15 years.

Best areas have been in Benton and Newton counties for pheasants, along with Dekalb, Steuben and Noble counties. Quail best in Pike, Dubois and Daviess counties, but other areas in southwest and western border can be good. Nearly 300,000 acres in CRP.

Non-resident permit $80, five-day $31, plus habitat stamp $6.75. Web site in.gov/dnr/fishwild

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

MONTANA:
Pheasant: October 11, 2008 to January 1, 2009. Daily bag limit/possession limit three and nine. Montana hunters take about 140,000 roosters annually. Biologist Tom Palmer expects a season similar to recent years. "We had a mild open winter over most of the good pheasant habitats," Palmer says. Early spring was too dry, but Palmer hoped for spring rains to benefit pheasants. "Statewide pheasant numbers are expected to be average to above average in most areas," says Rick Northrup, Fish, Wildlife and Parks game bird coordinator.

Northeast Montana has the best pheasant habitat. Most is privately-owned but many landowners are in the Block Management Program that manages controlled public hunting access on private lands. Available hunting lands total eight million acres.

There is considerable CRP in this part of the state with a mix of small crops and wetlands. Conservation license is $10 & upland game bird license $110 (three-day preserve $20). Web site fwp.mt.gov and go to the hunting page. .Cascade, Choteau, Dawson, Fergus, Phillips, Pondera, Richland, Roosevelt, Sheridan, Teton, Valley and Yellowstone counties have had consistently high bags in recent years.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

COLORADO:
Seasons set in July and the regulations brochure should be out in August. Season info at http://www.wildlife.state.co.us Quail hunters have a choice of bobwhite, Gambel's and scaled, depending on area, and it can be good hunting. Last year's fees $56 annual small game, $11 one-day. You can buy on line or by calling 1-800-244-5613. Also ask for a directory guide for State Trust lands.

Northeast Colorado offers properties in Weld, Morgan, Logan, Washington, Yuma, Phillips and Sedgewick counties--there are approximately 103,000 acres enrolled for walk in access hunting. Southeast region, properties in Pueblo, Las Animas, Crowley, Lincoln, Kit Carson, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Prowers, Baca, and Bent counties have approximately 110,000 acres for walk in hunting.

Also anyone in Colorado hunting will need to purchase a $5 Habitat stamp. There is a $20 permit needed for walk-in hunting. Walk-in maps are at permit outlets or on line. The leading pheasant hunting counties are Morgan, southeastern Weld, Logan, Phillips, Sedgwick, Yuma, Washington, Kit Carson, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Prowers and Baca.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | No

rth Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado |Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

MINNESOTA:
Pheasants Oct . 11-Jan 3, two roosters daily, six possession. Latest harvest total (2006) was 588,000. Bill Penning, farmland wildlife program manager for the DNR, says, "Prospects are diminishing with the loss of CRP land, but they're still good.

We still have a lot of CRP relative to other states." Southern Minnesota is pheasant country, with the southwest best. Most information is available at ( dnr.state.mn.us/hunting/pheasant/index.html). In the past there was a map of hunting prospects on the web site in September and more info on dnr.state.mn.us/hunting/tips/locations.html . Hunters need a small game permit ($84.50) and a pheasant stamp ($7.50).

There is no walk-in program in Minnesota. The DNR has a pheasant plan with a target of 750,000 roosters taken by 2025. Pheasants Forever, headquartered in the Twin Cities, kicks in an average of $1 million annually for habitat acquisition and improvement.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota |Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

MICHIGAN:
Quail: Oct 20-Nov 14; five daily, 10 possession. Quail are a minor game bird with annual bag of 3,000. The southern third of the state has the highest quail populations and the best counties have traditionally been: Hillsdale, St. Clair, and Ionia.

State wildlife areas have warm-season grass habitat for upland game birds and there are 10,000 acres of private land in the Hunting Access Program on our state wildlife management areas.

Nonresident small game permit $69 for the year; a 3-day permit costs $30. Web site michigan.gov/dnr and click on upland game birds. Pheasants: Oct 10-31 in Upper Peninsula, Oct 20-Nov 14 in Lower Peninsula (general pheasant range), Dec 1- Jan 1 in southern Lower Peninsula (major pheasant range), bag 2/day and 4 in possession. The best counties have traditionally been: Huron, Tuscola, Hillsdale, Eaton and Ingham. The annual harvest is between 100,000 and 140,000--none pen-raised.

Michigan is on the northern edge of pheasant range and populations fluctuate depending on winter and habitat conditions. Some farmers have plowed under grasslands to plant corn, eliminating some good pheasant habitat.

There are 10,000 acres of private land in the Hunting Access Program A booklet and maps are available on the Michigan DNR Website at michigan.gov/dnr , along with maps of state wildlife areas.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

ARKANSAS:
Statewide dates - Nov.1- Feb. 8 (Several WMAs have different regulations). Game and Fish Dept. quail biologist Steve Fowler says, "With no data for this year I would suspect a similar season to last year, with fair to good hunting in isolated areas of the state." Good areas include the Fort Chaffee WMA, pine-bluestem restoration areas in the Ouachita National Forest. Fowler says, "Several thousand acres of CP-33 have been established, mostly in East Arkansas."

Non-resident license 3-day $100, 5-day $150, Annual nonresident license is $300 - All these license are an all game hunting license but small game nonresident license is $55 for a 5-day license and $80 for an annual nonresident license.

No walk-in program, but lots of public ground. Hunting guidebooks with regulations for all game species for statewide seasons and WMAs are available at all license dealers. All info is also available on website agfc.com

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas |Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

GEORGIA:
Season Nov. 15-Feb 28. Non-resident Licenses: one day $12; three day $30; Season $75 and WMA stamp (if you hunt WMAs) $73. Most recent harvest estimate was 2005-2006 and it was 22,850 quail hunters took 622,123 (79 percent were pen reared birds).

Reggie Thaxton, private lands program manager for the Georgia DNR says, "Populations declined last year due to the extreme drought conditions, particularly in the central and western portions of the state. However, late summer rains resulted in some cover growth which should have helped over winter survival.

In landscapes with significant acreage of high quality habitat bobwhite populations should be poised to respond favorably if we have adequate rainfall in the spring and summer months."

For details contact the Georgia DNR Game Management Region Offices at the phone numbers listed in the front of the hunting regulations; or on line at gohuntgeorgia.com .

In addition there are numerous commercial quail shooting preserves throughout the state that offer hunts for pen reared quail, including various packages for lodging, meals, etc. For information go to quailhuntgeorgia.com .

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

ALABAMA:
Season dates are not set, but are usually Nov. 15-Feb. 28. Bag and possession limit is 12. Non-resident small game license is $40 (3 day), $55 (10 day), and $90 (season). Information on WMA system is available at outdooralabama.com . Select "Hunting" to go to maps, regs and permit requirements.

For information about quail in Alabama, see outdoorala-bama.com/hunting/game/Quail.cfm .

Alabama is a poster child for what's happened to quail hunting in the South. Latest harvest is estimated at 261,000 by 13,000 hunters'¦but in 1970 there were 105,000 hunters who took 2.2 million quail.

Dept. of Wildlife biologist Stan Stewart says, "General prospects are very poor across the state. We have had two years of severe drought, and quail production has been way down.

Historically the Black Prairie region extending from southeast Alabama north-westward into north Mississippi was the best quail region. This is the region where the managed plantations with good quail numbers are located. We have about 800,000 acres of public wildlife management areas that offer a quail season, but hunting is poor."

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

PENNSYLVANIA:
One prominent Pennsylvania dog trainer laments the loss of wild pheasant and quail populations and now takes his dogs to Montana to work on wild birds.

Pennsylvania is largely a put-and-take pheasant hunt and no quail hunting. Annual bag is less than 200,000 and most are planted birds.

A non-resident seven day permit is $31. Visit pgc.state.pa.us for more details.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania |Virginia

| Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

VIRGINIA:
"Our department is neck deep in preparing a new Quail Action Plan that will focus on improving the quail population, but also on developing new hunting opportunities," says biologist Marc Puckett. Season Nov. 8-Jan. 31, daily bag six.

Puckett hopes for a relatively dry, warm spring without summer drought, but the long range forecast is for continued drought--not good for quail. The most productive area is the tidewater region basically east of Interstate 95. Much of this portion of the state is private land. For a complete listing of public hunting opportunities, see dgif.virginia.gov and enter "Find Game."

Non-resident permit $86, three day $46. Additional $15 for state forest hunts, non-resident youth (12-15 years) $13. Possible walk-in program if funding becomes available. There are numerous commercial hunting preserves virginiahuntingpreserveassociation.org .

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

UTAH:
There likely will be some date and season changes. Dave Olsen, upland game coordinator for the Division of Wildlife Resources, says, "As for forecasts, we experienced a pretty heavy winter in Utah and we don't have too much bird evaluation completed yet.

Bag and possession limits shouldn't change much. Fees, licenses etc. can be obtained at our DWR website." See wildlife.utah.gov/guidebooks/2007-08_upland_game/2007-08_upland_game.pdf .

Look for a list of wildlife management areas and check on Cooperative Wildlife Management Units (private land open for pheasant hunting). Non-resident permit $65, three-day $25.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah |Nevada | Wyoming

NEVADA:
Quail: Oct. 11 — Jan. 31, daily Limit 10, Possession 20. Pheasant: Nov. 1 — Nov. 30, daily Limit two, Possession four. Mountain quail two and four and must report any killed to Dept. of Wildlife.

Non-resident one day $21 ($8 each additional day) plus $10 upland game stamp. Web site ndow.org .

Shawn Espinosa, Upland Game Specialist for the Department of Wildlife, says, "Quail populations were negatively affected in 2007 by prolonged drought. Winter and spring precipitation receipts were well below average, thus production was almost non-existent.

"Things improved in the beginning of 2008 with several large storms improving the winter snowpack in many areas of Nevada; however, another dry spell has once again plagued most of the state since the end of February. Early growth of forbs and grasses in some areas of the state should improve the body condition of most upland game birds, but if more moisture is not received soon (end of April and most of May) then chick recruitment will be poor to fair at best.

Rain in May will determine if upland game hunting will be good or bad this hunting season." Most productive areas of the state include for California quail: Churchill, Pershing, Humboldt and Washoe counties; Gambel's Quail: Clark and southern Nye County; Pheasant: Lyon, Pershing and Humboldt counties.

South Dakota| North Dakota | Nebraska | Iowa | Kansas | Oklahoma | Texas | Florida | Missouri | Illinois | Tennessee | Kentucky | Arizona | California | North Carolina | South Carolina | Oregon | Idaho | Washington | Indiana | Montana |Colorado | Minnesota | Michigan | Arkansas | Georgia | Alabama | Pennsylvania | Virginia | Utah | Nevada | Wyoming

WYOMING:
Not a major pheasant state (roughly 46,000 taken, half produced on two game farms). There are 11 hunting areas in the state. Jeff Obrecht of Wyoming Game and Fish, says, "General prospects for wild birds are fairly dismal. Drought has really

impacted quality of nesting cover and CRP in general. Carryover is lean.

Hatch should be better than last year. Hard to be worse. Prospects for our released birds should be favorable. Our staff at the bird farms do a good job and are generally able to troubleshoot problems that impact production." Best areas are Goshen and Platte counties and isolated habitat in the Big Horn Basin. The Springer and Glendo special pheasant hunts in southeast Wyoming and the Yellowtail Wildlife Management Habitat Area near Lovell are public opportunities. Consult regulations for specific details.

Web site gf.state.wy.us . Depending on area, some seasons open Oct. 1 to as late as Nov. 17. Limit two or three (depending on area), possession of six or nine. Obrecht says, "We're the go-to state for sage grouse--but we don't pretend to be much of a pheasant state and don't offer any quail outside of private bird farms."

Non-resident annual: $72, daily: $20 plus $12.50 conservation stamp needed with annual license and $12.50 pheasant stamp for on G&F habitat units, walk-in areas and state land in Johnson and Sheridan counties.

Atlas available from web site or license agents.



FOR MORE INFORMATION:
Check aci-net.org , an association of wildlife agencies. Not all agencies belong, but most do. A directory will take you to the state you want, then follow links to get up-to-date bird hunting information

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